Thursday, May 21, 2020

The Effects Of Prolonged And Violent Conflict On The...

Research Plan The proposed budget is  £75,000. This will cover costs and overheads associated with the design, implementation and completion of the study. Overheads will include the employment of 1 research assistant ( £25,000) and the principle researcher wage ( £25,000). The proposed timeframe is 12 months. A preliminary timescale is as followed: †¢ January - March: Research/ Design Planning †¢ April - July: Interviews †¢ August - November: Data Coding Analysis †¢ November - December: Editing Methodology Research Questions 1. What was the impact of prolonged and violent conflict on the mental health of male politically motivated (first time offender, life-sentence) prisoners and prison staff at HMP Maze, 1968-1998? (This includes the violent conflict that may have affected prisoners before coming to prison; the violent conflict that often erupted in prison; and the violent conflict that affected prison officers as a result of their occupation) 2. What does this cohort reveal about other prison populations arising from political, quasi-political or paramilitary conflict? 3. What can our research tell us about modes of adaptation to long-term imprisonment? 4. Can we develop insights into the dynamics of the staff-inmate relationship that may be relevant to the study of other closed institutions? Research Methods The proposed methodology is a primary qualitative approach of semi-structured interviews. This method has been chosen as the focus of thisShow MoreRelatedStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesDecision Making 165 Motivation Concepts 201 Motivation: From Concepts to Applications 239 3 The Group 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Foundations of Group Behavior 271 Understanding Work Teams 307 Communication 335 Leadership 367 Power and Politics 411 Conflict and Negotiation 445 Foundations of Organization Structure 479 v vi BRIEF CONTENTS 4 The Organization System 16 Organizational Culture 511 17 Human Resource Policies and Practices 543 18 Organizational Change and Stress Management Read MoreHuman Resources Management150900 Words   |  604 Pagesand 2006. It is interesting to note that in Figure 1—1 most of the fastest-growing occupations percentagewise are related to information technology or health care. The increase in the technology jobs is due to the rapid increase in the use of information technology, such as databases, system design and analysis, and desktop publishing. The health care jobs are growing as a result of the aging of the U.S. population and workforce, a factor discussed later. Chapter 1 Changing Nature of Human ResourceRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words   |  760 Pages.................................... 447 Exercises .......................................................................................................................................... 449 CHAPTER 14 Reasoning about Causes and Their Effects ................................................... 465 Correlations......................................................................................................................................... 465 Significant Correlations .......Read MoreRastafarian79520 Words   |  319 Pagesthe facts as we understand them from a modern, scientiï ¬ c point of view, their actions are rational in as much as they are geared toward certain goals. Therefore, Weber argues that even in the most primitive situation, â€Å"religiously and magically motivated behavior is relatively rational,† in that the behavior is purposively geared to the addressing of existential needs, especially economic survival and the problem of meaning.7 In modern Western societies, however, rationalization or rationalityRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pagesof critical theory Critical theory and psychoanalysis develops challenging perspectives on organization culture A psychoanalytic view of organization culture The ‘unhealthy’ organization culture: when there is conflict The unhealthy organization culture: when there is insufficient conflict Understanding the purpose of the organization and embedding it in the culture Critical theory and psychoanalysis present challenging perspectives for organizational design Social democracy and the democratic organizationRead MoreMetz Film Language a Semiotics of the Cinema PDF100902 Words   |  316 Pagesso: Consider the intermissions, the social ritual, the real space of the stage, the real presence of the actor—their weight is too great for the fiction the play elaborates to be experienced as real. The stage setting, for example, does not have the effect of creating a diegetic universe; it is only a convention within the real world. (One might add, in the same vein, that what one calls fiction in the cinema is, in fact, the diegesis, whereas in the theater the fiction exists only in the sense

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Religion in the Fictional Town of Cold Sassy - 931 Words

Throughout centuries, humans have expressed different perspectives toward a single idea. The subject of religion invites challenging discussions from skeptical minds because religion is diversely interpreted based on personal faith. The authoress sets her novel in a fictional town, Cold Sassy, where religion plays a predominant role in people’s lives. Through Will Tweedy’s narration she explores the religious opinions of the town’s most prominent citizen Rucker Blakeslee, Will’s grandpa. Although Blakeslee spent his whole life in a religiously conservative town, he has a radical approach toward religious concepts such as predestination, suicide, funerals, faith, and God’s will, thus forcing him to challenge the traditional views of†¦show more content†¦The Crabtrees’ actions are an example of how much Cold Sassy despised suicides. On the contrary, when Uncle Camp committed suicide, Grandpa Blakeslee, being one of town’s p eople, did not scorn at Camp; instead, he arranged for a traditional funeral like for any other conventional deaths. When Will asked Grandpa whether Camp ends up in Hell for committing suicide, he replied that many people in the world have committed worse sins that God needs to attend to. He also conceded that Camp was not hateful or evil as those people. So, his lecture concludes saying that God would not refuse Camp into heaven because he unhappily chose suicide as an unavoidable option. (334) In all the above religious concepts, Grandpa has always contradicted his views with the organized religion of Cold Sassy. Grandpa’s reason for this contradiction is that Grandpa likes to hear about the loving, caring and forgiving God, instead of hearing about a threatening Lord from the preachers in his town. He also discloses to Miss Love that the only reason he went to church was to please his first wife, Miss Mattie Lou. This disclosure means that Grandpa did not ever agree with the traditional beliefs of his

Caterpillar Ethics Free Essays

Caterpillar’s Views on Ethics and Sustainability Caterpillar, Inc. is indeed one of the World’s most Ethical companies. In 2011 it was listed in Ethisphere’s World’s Most Ethical (WME) Companies under Industrial Manufacturing. We will write a custom essay sample on Caterpillar Ethics or any similar topic only for you Order Now Personal Ethics Caterpillar has a worldwide Code of Conduct. The values it stresses are integrity, excellence, teamwork, commitment. They understand the importance of diversity and strive to achieve all of the above values given a diverse world environment and despite their differences. They feel that compliance within the laws are not sufficient. They want be leaders in ethics. They require all leaders within the company to be a role model and follow all of the rules with the Worldwide Code of Conduct. They are known to have a value-based culture. They are honest and refuse to make any â€Å"improper payments† of any sort. Ethics within the Supply Chain Caterpillar says in their Worldwide Code of Conduct that they â€Å"seek strong, mutually rewarding business relationships with suppliers who enhance the value of our products and services through close collaboration throughout the entire life cycle. We view suppliers as extensions of our company and an essential part of our extended value chain. We look for suppliers and business allies who demonstrate strong values and ethical principles and who support our commitment to quality. We avoid those who violate the law or fail to comply with the sound business practices we embrace. No supplier is required to buy Caterpillar products in order to compete for business or to continue as a supplier. We do reserve the right, consistent with applicable law, to require suppliers to use Caterpillar equipment when performing work on Caterpillar premises and where Caterpillar offers a product appropriate for the work being performed. We encourage fair competition among our potential suppliers, contractors and other vendors, and work equitably and reasonably with all†. Ethical Behavior Regarding the Environment Caterpillar strives to come up with solutions that improve their operations efficiency in a sustainable way. They balance innovation and technology to improve their productivity and efficiency while reducing their environmental footprint. One major way they are accomplishing this is with their fast growing remanufacturing business. This is where they return end-of-life components to same-as-new condition. By doing so, they vastly reduce the amount of waste and minimize the need for the amount of raw material needed to produce new parts. How to cite Caterpillar Ethics, Essay examples

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Was Hitlers Rise To Power Between 1929 And Jan 1933 Inevitable Essay Example

Was Hitlers Rise To Power Between 1929 And Jan 1933 Inevitable Paper There were many reasons why Hitler was able to take power in 1933. The short term reasons were after 1929. The economic crisis and instability in Germany was a main reason why he was able to gain power. The weakness of the opposition made it easier for him to gain power also this opposition would not join and form a coalition government. After the death of Stressemann and later Hindenburg, it was much easier for Hitler to obtain political power. Germany was unstable at the time and after the formation of the Weimar republic, the constitution became weak the constitution also had a number of key flaws in it too. For instance allowing the chancellor to stop democratic voting and perspone it as long as he or she wanted and he or she could make a decision without putting it through the courts if he or she felt it was important enough. Also it included proportional representation which meant that it was near to impossible to get a larger number of seats over everyone else put together thus you had to form a coalition government which resulted in weak leadership and government. The Weimar republic was successful for some time but people always felt resentment towards the republic due to the Long-term implications of the First World War and the Treaty of Versailles. The reparations that Germany had to pay through the Treaty meant that it was in economic crisis. This helped to cause weakness in the democracy and although the Weimar Republic did have a period of recovery between 1924 and 1929 the death of Stresseman and the Wall Street Crash helped to bring it down again. The republic was weak because of all the reasons stated above. We will write a custom essay sample on Was Hitlers Rise To Power Between 1929 And Jan 1933 Inevitable specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Was Hitlers Rise To Power Between 1929 And Jan 1933 Inevitable specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Was Hitlers Rise To Power Between 1929 And Jan 1933 Inevitable specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Crises in countries do happen as they did in Germany but the government has to be able to survive. If it cant survive it leaves the way open for people like Hitler to work their way to power. The German people didnt want communism, which was the other option so they turned to Nazism, as it was the only alternative to a moderate government which always lost votes in a depression or time of crisis. This is because when a country is prosperous they have no need for any extremism to change the country dramatically, and in times of crisis they need to because in general in order to get prosperity back an extreme change is needed. The middle classes feared communism because since they had established themselves from the lower or working classes, they now had a small amount of money and power in the world. They believed that economic and social chaos would move their positions about radically. They thought that the Communists would bring about this and by would drag them back down the ladder. Albert Speer, after seeing Hitler for the first time in 1931 said, Here it seemed to me was hope. The perils of Communism could be checked, Hitler persuaded us, and instead of hopeless unemployment, Germany could move towards economic recovery. The Wall Street crash had introduced mass unemployment to Germany and it had also caused poverty. Hitler promised to the people that he would do everything to make Germany recover from this unemployment and to also gain Germany prosperity and economic stability. After hyperinflation had occurred shortly after the end of the First World War the German people wanted economic stability to be able to feel safe again and the Nazi party finally offered this several years later with a legitimate claim to doing it or so the masses believed. The Weimar republic had alienated the middle classes through hyperinflation as they were not compensated after they lost everything. The government made the decision under the social democrats to print millions of bank notes, this was when Germany was in economic crisis and it was to try to try to solve the problem. However the notes became worthless and so more and more had to printed. The value of the mark on the stock exchange became almost worthless and savings that were once worth a good deal became worth hardly anything. So the middle classes voted for the Nazis, this was to get rid of the Weimar republic and democracy as it didnt seem to benefit them. Germany had a long militaristic, autocratic and authoritarian tradition. Hitler carried this on but the Weimar republic didnt, thus the people felt a strong urge to vote for the Nazis as it was more like the Germany they remembered that was prosperous. The Germans failed to develop their democracy to enable it to succeed instead they carried on their strong state led by a powerful leader. The natural even inevitable leader at this time was Hitler. He used the Brownshirts to parade in the streets and be on display; this was to show the militaristic side. Although still many people did not want a war at least it showed that Germany once again may be strong. He wore uniform when speaking to the people this showed that he was not above everyone but that he was a leader that really was going to act and not just think. He used a symbol, the swastika, to signify his party. He based his party on and used propaganda to promote the authoritarian foundations that he intended for Germany, much of this propaganda was thought up by Josef Goebbels who became a key figure in the Nazis party later. The democracy of the Weimar Republic was built upon weak foundations among the defeat of the First World War so this allows Hitler to reinforce his authoritarian ideas especially since Hitler was against democracy. Hitler was very politically skilled; he used dualism in the Reichstag to play his opponents off against each other. Despite the Nazis being revolutionary, they did eventually come to power using constitutional (they were elected they did not take power by force) methods. Hitler was not satisfied with the amount of power he was allowed because of the limitations of the constitution. He disliked the existence of other opposition parties. Thus he decided to use his political skills to eliminate the opponents that gathered in the Reichstag fire in February 1933. This provided apparent crisis for the Nazis at the time, however, it is now said that van der Lubbe, the Dutch communist really did commit the crime. The Nazis just used this coincidence to their advantage. It apparently showed that there was communist threat and the Nazi propaganda reflected this threat this ensured that the German people knew about this. This would allow Hitler to arrest the communist leaders with the support of the public. This gave the Government a legitimate reason to arrest the communists. They had to stop Germany falling into a communist anarchy and the only way to do it was to search them and their party headquarters and arrest them. The Enabling Act was thought of as a good idea to almost anybody accept by the SPD. This enabling act gave full legislative power to Hitler, the Chancellor, for four years. Before these four years ended Hitler had decided to abolish the parties and people in a position to enforce the limits on his power. A law was formed called the Law against the New formation of parties this stated that all parties except the Nazi party were illegal. Parties such as the Centre party dissolved themselves and allowed Hitler to take control, accepting the Nazi dictatorship. Germany did have an alternative was these two untiting, however as the SPD and the KPD wouldnt unite to fight the common enemy they could not help to overcome Hitler. If they had done this they could have outvoted Hitler in the Reichstag. At no time in his political career did Hitler and the Nazi party have an overall majority in the Reichstag they always had to form a coalition. The Nazis had 43. 9% of the votes in the 1933 elections this was very close to a majority. However they had been influenced as the Nazis party was literally forcing people to vote for them. They joined with the Nationalist party to gain 51. 8% of the votes, this only just allowed them to have a majority. Most of the people who were voting didnt vote for the Nazis Party in the elections despite Hitler having Chancellorship and having power he still didnt manage to gain an overall majority in the Reichstag. Only did the people accept any of this because it was in a time of such crisis. The fact that the German people were so afraid of communism (the anti-Communist hysteria) meant that Hitler could exploit this to gain his power. After passing the policy to ban the formation of new parties he managed to persuade the existing parties to disband and threw the SPD and KPD into prison as enemies of the state. The most important reason for Hitler coming to power was the First World War. This is because it supplied many other reasons in one. The First World War created ideas that were foundations of Hitlers ideas. Eventually this led to a dictatorship in Germany and another World War. The non co-operation of the opposition to unite and stop him meant that he was allowed to rise to power quite successfully and easily. The eventual collapse of the Republic left the way open for Hitler. He came forward and took power successfully. As a strong leader was needed to get Germany back on its feet this was just what they needed to start with. The militaristic traditions in Germany was a long-term reason for Hitler being able to gain power as was the Treaty of Versailles and the First World war this was because they were ultimately the start of the problems Germany was facing. Allowing Hitler to gain control and then create a dictatorship. The fear of Communism was quite Long-term but this feeling grew stronger through Hitlers propaganda and his hatred of Communists. The Weimar republic was weak to start with and under all the stress it grew weaker progressively. Hitler used this to gain power, when it failed, he picked up the pieces afterwards and rebuilt Germany. Hitlers ideas were reinforced when it failed; the people were more even more willing to turn to Nazism. They could now see how democracy had treated Germany; it did not treat anybody favourably. Germany was weak in many ways at this time and Hitler took advantage of this weakness to gain power for himself.

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Reflection Professor Ramos Blog

Reflection Throughout this semester, I continuously came to the realization that I need to make more time to do the things I am passionate about and love. The creative option for our final project was the perfect opportunity for me to get back in touch with one of my favorite pastimes and hobbies, photography. For this project I decided to take a quote from every reading we have done in unit three and try to embody it in a photograph. Our first reading from unit three was Howl by Allen Ginsberg. From this poem I chose the line, â€Å"Who fell on their knees in hopeless cathedrals praying for each other’s salvation and light and breasts, until the soul illuminated its hair for a second.† I chose two photos to pair with Ginsberg’s quote which are both of the Sainte-Chapelle stained glass chapel from my trip to Paris last year, 2018, in July. I chose this photo because it is of cathedral and the stain glass represents the souls illuminating. Since Kurt Vonnegut’s science fiction novel, Slaughterhouse-five, first chapter is about a man writing a book about his experiences in the second world war I chose the quote, â€Å"Billy left his room, went down the slow elevator, walked over to Times Square, looked into the window of a tawdry bookstore. In the window were hundreds of books about fucking and buggery and murder, and a street guide to New York City, and a model of the Statue of Liberty with a thermometer on it.† The photo I chose for this quote is a picture I took a few weeks ago in downtown Los Angeles of the famous Last Bookstore on Spring street. The quote reminded me of this exact bookstore because it is such a magical place filled with such an incredible selection of books. The next quote is from,, â€Å"The road looked as if no one had traveled on it in months,† is from Flannery O’Connor’s A Good Man Is Hard to Find. This photo fits the scenery I imagine from the short story A Good Man is Hard to Find. I also think it fits the quote because there are no people in the images and all the cars are empty and parked in the center of the street. I took this photo earlier this year in Seattle, Washington. Gloria Anzaldua said, My home tongues are the languages I speak with my sister and brothers, with my friends,† in her essay How to Tame a Wild Tongue. For Gloria Anzaldua’s quote I decided to paired it with some of my favorite photos I’ve ever took from last year’s Dia De Los Muertos celebration last year on Olvera Street in Los Angeles. I feel as though these photos do a great job of representing the culture that Anzaldua speaks of in her essay. In Woman Hollering Creek Cleofilas said, â€Å"a parent’s love for a child, a child’s for its parents, is another thing entirely.† This reminded me of my relationship with my parents. Therefore, I decided it would be a good opportunity to share two of my favorite portraits of my parents. The last quote is from Junot Diaz’s Drownâ€Å". . . with the sun sliding out of the sky like spit off a wall . . .† I am grateful for this opportunity to share work that I am very proud of to present. I feel reconnected with my chosen form of art. I really enjoyed this class and appreciate the ability to have a creative option for this assignment.

Monday, March 2, 2020

One Road to Royalties

One Road to Royalties Breaking into the publishing business is quite the challenge. And new writers who follow the traditional route, soon discover that writing the book is far easier than capturing the attention of an agent, having a manuscript accepted, and then receiving royalties for their work. Having a track record of previous publications helps Magazines and small literary or academic journals are possible markets, and many pay for material, but just because theyre plentiful, doesnt make them easy to crack. After banging on the door of one online magazine for several months, I finally gained entry. After my first successful submission, they went on to publish several of my stories and nonfiction articles. This one breakthrough opened one more door, and when that online magazine accepted my work, I was able to add three additional published stories to my author

Friday, February 14, 2020

Should the government provide health care Essay

Should the government provide health care - Essay Example However, there is no sufficient evidence supporting the failures of government healthcare. Moreover, many developed countries such as Canada and Britain have successfully initiated a national healthcare plan. Therefore, governments should provide healthcare to the citizens. There are several arguments in support of government healthcare. Firstly, the initiation of government healthcare will ensure that everyone has access to healthcare. Many people do not have access to healthcare because many employers are not providing healthcare insurance due to increased premiums. Therefore, employees are carrying the burden of healthcare and many opt not to apply for health insurance. Accessing healthcare in hospitals is expensive for many citizens and this leads to deterioration of their health. The government’s provision of healthcare will ensure every citizen is able to access medical attention regardless of their financial status. Privatized healthcare is costly and not everyone can afford to pay for check-ups, health insurance premiums, and prescriptions. The healthcare provided by the government will be free for all citizens (Kaplan and Rodgers, 2009). Government healthcare would also improve the quality of healthcare as the health professionals’ time will not be wasted in processing insurance claims. Competition of insurance companies would be eradicated as the government would be in charge of healthcare administration. A lot of time is wasted in handling many insurance claims. A lot of insurance paperwork needs to be filled and claims need to be submitted. Therefore, the initiation of a government healthcare plan would ensure that healthcare professionals would only focus on treating their patients (Patel and Rushefsky, 2006). In addition, provision of healthcare by the government can help in regulating insurance companies. In privatized healthcare, insurance companies make a lot of money by raising premiums unfairly. Moreover, insurance